Dutch Breakfast: A Flavorful Start to Your Day

Sofia Van Dirk

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Whether you’ve recently moved to this beautiful nation or are just visiting, understanding and diving into a traditional Dutch breakfast can set the tone for an enjoyable and productive day.

Prepare to be taken on a flavorful journey as we explore the staples and delights that grace the Dutch morning table. Smakelijk eten! (Enjoy your meal!)

Key Takeaways:

  • Dutch breakfasts offer a delightful mix of hearty staples, sweet pastries, and healthy options.
  • Traditional items include breads with various toppings, cheeses, and cured meats.
  • Pastries like stroopwafels and ontbijtkoek are cherished sweet morning treats.
  • For health-conscious individuals, options like muesli, granola, and seeded breads abound.
  • The Dutch have embraced convenient breakfast solutions for busy mornings.
  • While enjoying a Dutch breakfast, etiquette like using cutlery and sharing is essential.

The Staples of a Traditional Dutch Breakfast

When you think of Dutch cuisine, certain iconic dishes might come to mind – creamy cheeses, flavorful herring, and those irresistible stroopwafels. Yet, mornings in the Netherlands are greeted with their own array of delightful dishes. Let’s uncover the heart of the Dutch breakfast table:


The Dutch take their bread seriously, and it forms the backbone of their morning meal. You’ll find a range of bread, from the dark, nutritious volkorenbrood (whole grain bread) to the softer witbrood (white bread). But what truly stands out are the toppings:

Hagelslag: These are delightful chocolate sprinkles generously spread over buttered bread. While it might seem like a treat reserved for desserts elsewhere, in the Netherlands, it’s a cherished morning tradition.

Pindakaas: No, it’s not cheese, but peanut butter! This staple spread finds its way onto many a Dutch breakfast slice.


The Netherlands is renowned for its dairy products, and they shine at breakfast:

Yoghurt and Vla: Thick, creamy yoghurt is often enjoyed with a sprinkle of muesli or fresh fruits. Vla, a custard-like dairy dessert, might also find its way to the breakfast table, offering a sweet start to the day.

Cheese: Gouda, Edam, Leyden – the list goes on. Thin slices of these cheeses are often placed atop bread, offering a savory and creamy counterpoint to the meal.

Cold Cuts and Spreads

Meats are another favorite topping for Dutch bread:

Deli meats such as ham, rookvlees (smoked beef), and kipfilet (chicken breast) are popular choices.

For a sweet touch, there’s appelstroop (apple syrup), a thick, concentrated spread with a deep, tangy sweetness.

Hot Beverages

A Dutch breakfast isn’t complete without a warm drink to accompany the spread.

Coffee: The Dutch love their coffee strong and often enjoy it black. Whether it’s a quick espresso or a leisurely koffie verkeerd (similar to a latte), the aroma of coffee often wafts through Dutch homes in the morning.

Tea: For those who prefer a gentler caffeine kick, a range of teas are also available, with flavors ranging from traditional black to aromatic herbal infusions.

Related: Traditional Dutch Food: A Culinary Journey Through the Netherlands

Dutch Pastries and Delights for Breakfast

dutch breakfast

While the breads, spreads, and cheeses might form the cornerstone of a Dutch breakfast, it would be remiss not to dive into the sweet world of Dutch pastries and baked delights. The Netherlands boasts an assortment of morning treats that can make anyone’s day a little brighter and a lot more delicious.


Often referred to as ‘breakfast cake’ in English, ontbijtkoek is a spiced cake with deep flavors of cloves, cinnamon, and ginger. Soft, moist, and mildly sweet, it’s traditionally sliced and enjoyed with a smear of butter on top. Not only does it taste divine, but it’s also believed to have digestive benefits, making it a favorite among many.


Yes, these heavenly syrup-filled waffles deserve another mention! Originally from the city of Gouda, stroopwafels are thin layers of baked dough filled with a caramel-like syrup in the middle. While they can be enjoyed anytime, having one with your morning coffee is sheer bliss. Place a stroopwafel atop your steaming cup, allowing the steam to slightly warm it. The result? A gooey, soft center that melts in your mouth.

Weekend Treats

Weekends often bring with them the opportunity to indulge a bit more. Enter the world of krentenbollen and other sweet rolls.

Krentenbollen: These are currant buns, lightly sweetened and dotted generously with raisins or currants. They can be enjoyed plain or sliced open with a touch of butter.

Saucijzenbroodjes: A savory counterpart, these are puff pastry rolls filled with a seasoned meat mixture, usually pork. Warm and flaky, they’re a hearty way to start a leisurely weekend morning.

The Dutch have a knack for turning simple ingredients into delightful pastries that can satisfy any sweet tooth. From the spicy allure of ontbijtkoek to the irresistible charm of stroopwafels, these treats don’t just satiate hunger but also provide a delectable insight into the Dutch baking tradition.

Healthy Dutch Breakfast Options

The Netherlands, with its picturesque cycling paths and active lifestyle, is a testament to health and vitality. It comes as no surprise then that Dutch breakfasts also offer an array of wholesome and nutritious options for those keen on starting their day with a healthy kick. As the morning sun streams through the tall windows of Dutch homes, here’s what health-conscious locals might be enjoying:

Breakfast ItemDescription
MuesliRaw oats mix with dried fruits, seeds, and nuts; often soaked.
GranolaBaked crispy oats, sweetened with honey or maple syrup.
Smoothie BowlsCreamy blend of fruits and dairy; topped with seeds or granola.
Seeded BreadBread embedded with various seeds like sunflower and flaxseed.
Boiled EggsProtein-packed, often paired with brown bread.
Fresh FruitsBerries, apples, and pears commonly enjoyed with yoghurt/cereal.

Muesli and Granola

The Dutch have embraced the goodness of these nutrient-packed cereals with open arms.

Muesli: A mix of raw oats, dried fruits, seeds, and nuts, muesli is often soaked in milk or yoghurt overnight for a soft, flavorful breakfast bowl.

Granola: Baked until crispy with a touch of honey or maple syrup, granola, sprinkled over yoghurt and adorned with fresh fruits, is a crunchy, sweet treat without the guilt.

Smoothie Bowls

Harnessing the richness of Dutch dairy products, smoothie bowls have gained popularity in recent years.

Blend a combination of fresh fruits, Dutch yoghurt or milk, and perhaps a touch of honey. Top it off with chia seeds, nuts, or a handful of granola for a refreshing, creamy breakfast that’s both filling and nutritious.

Seeded Bread

Moving beyond the classic white and whole grain, many Dutch bakeries now offer breads laden with seeds and grains.

Think sunflower, flaxseed, pumpkin seeds, and more – all embedded in a hearty slice. Paired with avocado, hummus, or a light cheese, it’s a meal that promises sustained energy throughout the morning.

Boiled Eggs

A staple in many cultures, the humble boiled egg is a protein-packed start to the day in Dutch households too. Paired with a slice of brown bread or enjoyed on its own with a sprinkle of salt and pepper, it’s simple, wholesome, and undeniably Dutch.

Fresh Fruits

Given the country’s proximity to fruitful regions and its own agricultural prowess, fresh fruits like berries, apples, and pears often grace the breakfast table, either as standalone treats or mixed into yoghurts and cereals.

Breakfast On-the-go

Life in the Netherlands can be as bustling and fast-paced as the bicycles darting through its cobbled streets. For those mornings when time is of the essence, the Dutch have mastered the art of quick, convenient, yet delectably satisfying breakfasts on-the-go. Whether you’re rushing to catch a train at Centraal Station or dashing to a morning appointment, these options ensure you don’t skip the most important meal of the day.


The broodje is more than just a sandwich; it’s a Dutch institution.

These compact sandwiches, often made with fresh baguette or soft buns, are filled with a variety of toppings, from cheese and deli meats to flavorful spreads. Grab one from a local broodjeszaak (sandwich shop) and you’ve got a portable yet hearty breakfast in hand.

Dutch Breakfast Bars and Drinks

The market shelves are lined with pre-packaged options tailored for the busy individual.

Ontbijtrepen: These are breakfast bars, packed with oats, nuts, and dried fruits, offering a burst of energy in every bite.

Drinkontbijt: Literally translating to ‘drink breakfast’, these are liquid breakfast drinks, often dairy-based, enriched with essential vitamins and minerals for a complete meal in a bottle.

Kiosks and Street Stands

Scattered across train stations and popular streets are kiosks and stands offering freshly baked pastries, hot coffee, and fruit juices.

From croissants to fresh fruit cups, these kiosks are the go-to spots for many locals in need of a quick breakfast fix.

Bakeries On-the-move

Many traditional bakeries, recognizing the hustle of modern life, now offer “to-go” options.

Think of mini stroopwafels, saucijzenbroodjes, or a slice of ontbijtkoek wrapped up and ready to be enjoyed on the move.

Etiquette and Cultural Points to Remember

As with any cultural experience, diving into a Dutch breakfast isn’t just about the flavors on your plate. The way one approaches, consumes, and appreciates the meal also plays an integral part in truly immersing oneself in the Dutch way of life. Here are some etiquette and cultural pointers to keep in mind:

  • Take Your Time: Despite the availability of on-the-go options, breakfast in the Netherlands is often a leisurely affair, especially on weekends. It’s a time to savor the flavors, enjoy the company of loved ones, and prepare for the day ahead. If you’re a guest at someone’s home, don’t rush. Relish the experience and the conversation.
  • Use of Cutlery: Unlike some cultures where hands dominate breakfast time, the Dutch often use a knife and fork even for their sandwiches. It’s common to see someone cutting up their broodje or seeded bread, ensuring neat bites and less mess.
  • Bread Toppings: While it might be tempting to layer multiple toppings on a single slice of bread, traditionally, the Dutch keep it simple. One slice usually gets one type of topping, whether it’s cheese, hagelslag, or cold cuts.
  • Tea and Coffee Rituals: If you’re served tea, it often comes without milk. And if you’re looking for sugar, it might be presented in the form of sugar cubes. Coffee, on the other hand, is typically served strong and in small cups. If you prefer it milder, don’t hesitate to ask for a koffie verkeerd.
  • The Art of Sharing: Especially in a group setting, it’s common to find assorted breads, cheeses, and toppings placed in the center of the table. While you’re encouraged to sample a bit of everything, always ensure you take modest portions at first, allowing everyone a chance to share in the spread.
  • Expressing Gratitude: It’s always appreciated when guests express their enjoyment of the meal. A simple ‘Lekker!’ (Delicious!) or ‘Bedankt voor het ontbijt!’ (Thanks for the breakfast!) goes a long way in showing your appreciation.

ABOUT Sofia Van Dirk

Sofia van Dijk is our resident Relocation Expert at NetherlandsExpat.nl. Born and raised in the Netherlands, Sofia possesses extensive knowledge of Dutch culture, local customs, and the practicalities of living in this unique country. She studied International Relations at the University of Amsterdam and spent several years working for an international relocation company before joining our team.

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