Writing the Perfect CV in the Netherlands: A 2024 Guide for International Applicants

Sofia Van Dirk

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Navigating the Dutch job market can be both an exciting and challenging venture, especially for international job seekers who might be unfamiliar with local norms and expectations. An integral component of any successful job application is the CV, the primary tool that showcases your qualifications, skills, and experiences.

In the Netherlands, just as the culture possesses its unique facets, the CV, too, has distinct characteristics that set it apart from what you might be accustomed to in other countries. This article aims to provide a clear guide to crafting a suitable CV in the Netherlands job market, ensuring that you put your best foot forward.

Key Takeaways:

  • Crafting a Dutch CV requires adherence to specific local norms and expectations.
  • Prioritize clarity, conciseness, and authenticity throughout your CV.
  • Customize your CV for each job application, emphasizing relevant skills and experiences.
  • The layout, design, and language accuracy of your CV are equally crucial as its content.
  • Leverage available resources and seek feedback to refine your CV for the Dutch job market.

Format & Structure

Ensuring your CV follows the established format will signal your awareness of Dutch professionalism to potential employers. Here’s a breakdown of the preferred format and structure for a CV tailored to the Dutch job market:


In the Netherlands, a CV is typically 1-2 pages long. If you’re at the early stages of your career or have limited work experience, aim for a one-page CV. More experienced professionals can extend to two pages, but keeping the information relevant and concise is essential.


The Dutch appreciate a clean and straightforward design. Opt for a simple layout with clearly defined sections, using consistent fonts and minimalistic design elements. Overly decorative or cluttered CVs can detract from the content and may not resonate well with Dutch employers.

Sections In Order

  1. Personal details: Begin with your name, contact information, nationality, and date of birth.
  2. Professional summary: This brief section, usually 2-3 sentences, highlights your career trajectory and what you bring to the table.
  3. Work experience: List your professional experiences in reverse chronological order.
  4. Education: Your academic qualifications come next, again in reverse chronological order.
  5. Skills: Enumerate specific skills that are pertinent to the job you’re applying for.
  6. Languages: Given the multicultural nature of the Netherlands and its businesses, detailing your language proficiencies can be a significant asset.
  7. Additional sections as relevant: Depending on your field and experiences, you might also include sections on certifications, publications, conferences, or even personal projects.

Personal Details

The “Personal Details” section serves as the introductory segment of your CV, providing prospective employers with essential information about you. Let’s delve into what to include and what to omit in this section for the Dutch job market.

What To Include

Name: Start with your full name, preferably the one you use in professional settings.

Contact Information: This should encompass your phone number, professional email address, and current city of residence. Including your full address is optional based on your comfort level.

Nationality: This is especially relevant for international applicants, as it can inform employers about potential work permit requirements.

Date of Birth: Unlike in some countries, it’s customary in the Netherlands to mention your date of birth. However, ensure it’s in the day-month-year format (e.g., 15 April 1990).

Privacy Considerations

Photograph: While in some cultures it’s common to add a professional photograph to your CV, in the Netherlands, it’s not mandatory. Only include a photo if the job posting specifically requests one. If you do choose to add a photo, ensure it’s a professional-looking headshot.

Marital Status & Religious Beliefs: Unlike some other countries, it’s best to avoid including marital status or religious beliefs in your CV when applying to the Netherlands. The Dutch job market places a strong emphasis on privacy and discourages sharing personal details that aren’t directly relevant to one’s professional capabilities.

Professional Summary

The “Professional Summary” section is akin to your elevator pitch on paper. In a few compelling sentences, it encapsulates your career essence, offering prospective employers a glimpse into who you are as a professional and what unique qualities you bring to the table. Given its concise nature and prime location at the start of your CV, it’s crucial to craft this section with precision and impact.


Your professional summary should provide a snapshot of your career achievements, core competencies, and aspirations. While its primary goal is to grab the reader’s attention, it should also serve as a guiding thread for the rest of your CV, offering context to your subsequent sections.

Content Tips

  • Brevity: This isn’t the section to delve into details. Keep it concise, usually within 2-3 sentences.
  • Relevance: Tailor your summary for each job application, highlighting experiences and skills that align closely with the job description.
  • Achievement-Oriented: Whenever possible, emphasize tangible achievements or accolades you’ve received. For instance, “Led a team of 10 to achieve a 20% increase in sales” is more impactful than “Led a sales team.”
  • Future-Focused: Alongside past achievements, indicate what you’re looking to achieve next in your career, aligning it with the prospective job role.


“A seasoned marketing professional with over 8 years of experience in driving digital campaigns. Recognized for boosting online engagement by 30%. Seeking a strategic role to leverage innovative strategies for brand growth.”

“Recent International Business graduate with a passion for market analysis. Completed an internship at [Company Name], where I contributed to a 15% increase in market share. Eager to bring analytical skills to a dynamic team.”

Work Experience

In the Dutch job market, a well-articulated work experience segment can set you apart, showcasing not only your roles and responsibilities but also the value you’ve brought to past positions. Here’s how to structure and optimize this vital section for Dutch employers:

Chronological Order

Begin with your most recent position and work backwards. This reverse chronological format ensures that employers see your most relevant and recent experiences first, giving them an immediate understanding of your current professional standing.

Detailing Each Position

  • Job Title: Clearly state your position. If your job title isn’t universally recognized or might be confusing to a Dutch employer, consider providing a brief descriptor or translation.
  • Company: Mention the name of the company or organization where you worked.
  • Location: Include the city and country, especially if your experience spans multiple countries, showcasing your global exposure.
  • Dates of Employment: Specify the start and end month/year of each position. E.g., “January 2020 – August 2022.”
  • Roles & Responsibilities: Summarize your main duties, focusing on tasks that are relevant to the job you’re applying for.
  • Achievements: Highlight any accomplishments, awards, or significant contributions. Where possible, quantify these achievements, as tangible metrics resonate strongly with employers.

Descriptive Tips

  • Action Verbs: Start each bullet point or description with strong action verbs like “managed,” “led,” “designed,” or “achieved.”
  • Conciseness: While it’s crucial to provide a comprehensive view of your roles, avoid excessive details. Focus on the most significant aspects of each position.
  • Relevance: Tailor your descriptions based on the role you’re targeting. If you’re applying for a managerial role, emphasize leadership and team coordination tasks.


“Project Manager | TechSolutions, Amsterdam | June 2019 – May 2022.

Led a team of 15 to deliver software projects on schedule, achieving a 95% client satisfaction rate.

Coordinated with cross-functional teams, streamlining communication and reducing project delays by 20%.

Implemented agile methodologies, leading to a 30% increase in project efficiency.”


For many employers in the Netherlands, understanding your educational background is pivotal. Whether you’ve completed degrees in multiple countries or undertaken specialized courses, here’s how to effectively present your educational qualifications to Dutch employers:

Reverse Chronological Order

As with the work experience section, list your educational qualifications starting from the most recent and moving backwards. This approach ensures that your highest and most relevant degree is seen first.

Detailing Each Qualification

  • Degree & Major: Clearly mention the degree you obtained, followed by your major or specialization. For degrees that might not be familiar to a Dutch audience, consider adding a brief description or equivalent. E.g., “Bachelor of Technology (equivalent to Bachelor of Engineering) in Computer Science.”
  • Institution: State the name of the university or educational institution where you studied.
  • Location: Mention the city and country of the institution, particularly if it’s outside of the Netherlands.
  • Dates of Study: Include the start and end year of your studies. E.g., “2015 – 2019.”
  • Relevant Courses or Workshops: If you’ve taken courses that align closely with the job you’re applying for, list them. This is particularly helpful for roles requiring niche skills or knowledge.

Additional Educational Highlights

  • Thesis or Major Projects: If you’ve completed a significant thesis or project, especially at the postgraduate level, consider mentioning it briefly, focusing on the topic and any key findings or implications.
  • Honors & Awards: Did you graduate with honors, receive a scholarship, or earn any academic awards? Highlight these to showcase your dedication and achievements in academia.
  • Extracurricular Activities: If you held leadership roles in student organizations, were part of relevant clubs, or participated in significant academic events, these can be included to provide a more rounded view of your educational journey.


  • “Master of Business Administration (MBA) | Rotterdam School of Management, Netherlands | 2020 – 2022
    • Specialization in International Business
    • Thesis: “Global Supply Chain Innovations in Post-Pandemic Era”
    • Received the ‘Excellence in Strategy’ award for outstanding performance.”

Skills & Languages

The “Skills & Languages” section provides a platform to showcase these assets, highlighting your technical proficiencies and ability to communicate in diverse settings.


Categorization: Depending on the variety of skills you possess, consider categorizing them. For instance, you can segregate them as “Technical Skills,” “Soft Skills,” and “Certifications.”

Relevance: Prioritize skills that are directly relevant to the job role you’re applying for. If you’re seeking a role in IT, emphasize programming languages, software proficiencies, or project management tools you’re familiar with.

Proficiency Level: For certain skills, especially technical ones, it can be beneficial to indicate your level of proficiency. Terms like “beginner,” “intermediate,” and “advanced” can offer clarity.

Soft Skills: While technical skills are important, soft skills like “teamwork,” “leadership,” and “communication” are also valued. Include those that genuinely resonate with your experience and the role in question.


Listing: Mention each language you’re familiar with, as even basic knowledge can be a plus in the diverse Dutch business landscape.

Proficiency Indicators: Clearly indicate your proficiency level for each language. Common indicators include “native,” “fluent,” “conversational,” and “basic.”

Dutch Proficiency: Given its importance in local businesses, if you have any proficiency in Dutch, even if it’s beginner-level, be sure to highlight it. If you’re actively learning the language, that can also be mentioned as “currently pursuing Dutch language courses.”


Technical Skills: Python (Advanced), Salesforce (Intermediate), Data Analysis (Advanced)

Soft Skills: Team leadership, Problem-solving, Time management

Certifications: Certified Scrum Master, Google Analytics Certification

Languages: English (Fluent), Spanish (Conversational), Dutch (Beginner – currently taking courses)

Additional Sections

The additional sections often offer a holistic picture, reflecting dimensions beyond just your work and academic life. In the Netherlands, these segments can further distinguish your CV, making it more personalized and resonant with potential employers.

Certifications & Courses

If you’ve pursued any professional certifications, additional courses, or attended noteworthy workshops, this is the space to highlight them. These can underscore your commitment to continuous learning.

  • How to List:
    • Mention the certification or course title.
    • Indicate the institution or organization that provided it.
    • Include the month and year of completion.

Volunteer Work

The Dutch often appreciate civic involvement and community service. Whether it’s volunteering at a local shelter, participating in environmental initiatives, or any other form of community engagement, such experiences can offer insights into your values and character.

  • How to List:
    • Detail the role or position you held.
    • Describe the organization or cause you supported.
    • Highlight any significant accomplishments or impacts you made during your tenure.

Publications & Presentations

For roles in academia, research, or certain industries, if you’ve authored articles, papers, or have given notable presentations, listing them can enhance your professional credibility.

  • How to List:
    • Provide the title of the publication or presentation.
    • Indicate the platform, journal, or conference where it was presented or published.
    • Include the date of publication or presentation.

Hobbies & Interests

Though this section is optional, it can humanize your CV, offering potential employers a glimpse into your personality outside the professional sphere. However, be selective, ensuring your listed hobbies are genuine and presentable.


In the Dutch job market, while references are considered valuable, it’s common to include a simple line like “References available upon request” at the end of the CV, unless the job posting specifically asks for them.

Related: Being an Au Pair in the Netherlands: An Ultimate 2023 Guide

Tips for International Applicants

cv in the netherlands

Here are some tailored tips to guide your CV preparation:

Dutch professional culture values directness and transparency.

  • Be Clear and Concise: Avoid overly embellished language or claims. Stick to facts and be direct in presenting your qualifications.
  • Honesty is Key: Only include skills and experiences you genuinely possess. The Dutch work culture appreciates authenticity.
  • Photo: While in some countries, it’s customary to include a photo, in the Netherlands, it’s optional. If you choose to add one, ensure it’s a professional-looking headshot.
  • Personal Details: Age, gender, or marital status are typically not required on Dutch CVs. Focus on professional and academic details.

Dutch businesses often value international exposure, given the country’s global trading history and diverse business landscape.

Emphasize any global projects, roles, or experiences you’ve had, particularly if they involved collaboration across cultures or geographies.

While the Dutch are known for their high proficiency in English, highlighting any Dutch language skills (even if basic) can set you apart. Also, mention other languages you might be proficient in, as the Netherlands houses numerous multinational companies.

It’s common practice in the Netherlands to tailor your CV and cover letter to each specific job application.

  • Align your qualifications with the job description.
  • Mention why you’re particularly interested in the role and the company.

If you’re unfamiliar, research Dutch equivalents to your qualifications or certifications. This can prevent misunderstandings or underestimation of your credentials.

Consider joining expat or industry-specific groups, both online and offline, to understand the local job market better and to make valuable connections.

Ensure you’re aware of any visa or work permit requirements. If you have the right to work in the Netherlands, mention it briefly in your CV.

Related: Minimum Wage in The Netherlands [Complete 2023 Guide]

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Writing a CV in The Netherlands

Here’s a guide to help you navigate and present your credentials in the best possible light:

While it’s important to be thorough, a CV that’s excessively lengthy can overwhelm potential employers.

Keep it Concise: Ideally, aim for a CV that’s one to two pages long. Be selective in the details you include, prioritizing relevance.

A one-size-fits-all approach rarely resonates effectively.

Tailor to the Job: Customize your CV for each position you apply for, ensuring that you highlight the most relevant skills and experiences.

The appearance of your CV matters just as much as its content.

Professional Look: Opt for a clean, consistent format. Use easy-to-read fonts and clear section headings. Avoid overly decorative elements.

Even if you’re proficient in English, ensuring your CV adheres to the accepted language standards in the Netherlands is essential.

British vs. American English: Depending on the company’s orientation, be consistent in your English usage (e.g., “organize” vs. “organise”).

Such mistakes can cast doubts on your attention to detail.

Proofread Multiple Times: Consider having someone else review your CV. Tools like Grammarly can also be helpful.

Ambiguous statements can leave employers uncertain about your actual capabilities.

Use Quantifiable Achievements: Instead of saying “increased sales,” specify “increased sales by 20% in the first quarter.”

Dates provide a timeline of your professional journey.

Always include start and end dates for your work experiences and educational qualifications.

While hard skills are crucial, soft skills can often tip the scales in your favor.

Don’t just list them; provide instances where they played a key role in your achievements.

The order of sections in your CV matters.

Ensure the most relevant and impactful information is easily visible, preferably towards the beginning of your CV.

Additional Resources

These websites list job openings and offer insights into company cultures and expectations.

These platforms host events and groups tailored for professionals and expatriates in the Netherlands. Engaging with these communities can offer real-world insights into CV preferences and hiring trends.

ABOUT Sofia Van Dirk

Sofia van Dijk is our resident Relocation Expert at NetherlandsExpat.nl. Born and raised in the Netherlands, Sofia possesses extensive knowledge of Dutch culture, local customs, and the practicalities of living in this unique country. She studied International Relations at the University of Amsterdam and spent several years working for an international relocation company before joining our team.

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